During this week-long unit, kindergarten students learned about their five senses. The lesson plans for this unit were developed to help students become more aware of
each of their five senses. We focused on a different sense each day of the week. Each day, either the cooperating teacher or I read the students a book about a particular
sense, after which the students were engaged in an activity that required them to use and learn about that sense.
The lessons included a variety of activities developed to engage students and appeal
to a variety of different learning modalities such as kinesthetic, auditory, visual, and tactile. Each lesson engaged students in hands-on activities where they were exploring, discovering, and experimenting
What follows is the lesson plan for the sense of taste, as well as examples
of student work and pictures of students during the taste activity.
Grade Level: K
Subjects: Science, Language Arts, Math
Time Needed: One class period
Overview: Students will taste
several white substances and classify them as sweet, salty, or sour (similar to the apples they will taste earlier in the
Materials or Equipment:
Paper muffin baking cups – different colors (one color for each substance)
Poster board/paper to record responses/suggestions
Illinois State Standards:
State Goal 4: Listen and speak
effectively in a variety of situations.
Listen effectively in formal and informal situations.
Ask questions and respond to questions from the teacher
and from group members to improve comprehension.
oral instructions accurately.
State Goal 10: Collect, organize and analyze data using statistical methods; predict results; and interpret uncertainty using concepts
Formulate questions, design data collection methods, gather and analyze data and communicate
organize, and describe data using pictures, tallies, tables, charts or bar graphs.
data, draw conclusions and communicate the results.
State Goal 11: Understand the
processes of scientific inquiry and technological design to investigate questions, conduct experiments and solve problems.
Ÿ A. Know
and apply the concepts, principles and processes of scientific inquiry.
data into logical patterns and describe the patterns.
observations of individual and group results.
State Goal 12: Understand the
fundamental concepts, principles and interconnections of the life, physical and earth/space sciences.
Know and apply concepts that describe properties of matter and energy and the interactions
large-scale physical properties of matter (e.g., size, shape, color, texture, odor).
State Goal 13: Understand the
relationships among science, technology and society in historical and contemporary contexts.
Ÿ A. Know
and apply the accepted practices of science.
basic safety procedures (e.g., not tasting materials without permission, "stop/ drop/ roll").
Goals: Students will discover substances that look alike may have very different tastes, and that the tastes of these substances
can be compared to the apples they tasted earlier in the day.
Students will be able to:
one, two, and three-step directions
taste the substances
and provide appropriate description words
Pour sugar into the red cups, baking soda into the green cups, powdered sugar into the yellow cups, and salt into the
Set one of each color at students' seats.
Prepare a chart for the results.
Ask students if they have ever tasted something salty, sour, or sweet (define vocabulary as necessary).
Tell them that today we are going to be doing a taste test, and they will have to determine how the substances on their
Explain the directions to them:
When they get back to their seats, they
will have 4 different colored paper cups (hold up to show them) - a green cup, a red cup, a yellow cup, and a white cup.
When they sit down, do NOT touch the
cups and look up at me. When everyone is looking at me, I will know they are
ready to begin.
I will call out a color. When they hear that color, they will dip their fingers into the cup to get some substance on their finger,
then they will taste it.
After they have tasted it, they will raise their hand and give me
some words to describe how it tastes. These words will be written on the poster
board at the front of the room.
Students will try to guess what the substance is, and, if possible,
compare it to the apples they tasted earlier (i.e. does this taste like the green apple?
The red apple?).
We will do this with each color cup.
They are not to move ahead since they don’t know what color I’m going to call out next.
If they mix up what is in the cups, dump them out, or move ahead,
I will take their cups away and they will not be able to participate in the activity.
If they see someone else at their table doing these things, I do NOT want them to shout out – instead, I want
them to politely ask that person to stop or you can quietly raise your hand to tell myself, the cooperating teacher, or the
After the directions have been explained and there are no
questions, be sure the cups are at each seat.
Call up students
to go to their seats.
When everyone is ready and looking, call out a color to have them taste what is in the corresponding cup. Tape the
corresponding 3x5 card with the color name and a cup of that color on the poster board, at the top of a column. Start with sugar (red), then salt (white), then powdered sugar (yellow), then baking soda (green).
After a trial of each colored cup, call on students to provide description words (encourage
new words rather than a repetition of what has already been said) and record their responses on the poster board.
Have them guess
the substance in each cup. When they guess the correct substance, or when they
give up, flip the 3x5 card over so that the substance name is revealed.
|Example of students' responses
Discuss how these
tastes compare to the apples we tasted earlier.
Review how the
substances may look similar but have very different tastes - we use our sense of taste to tell the difference.
If there is time,
have students pick their favorite flavor of the four and tally the results in a graph.
Extra Challenge or Adaptations:
and provide students who need additional help with directions one step at a time.
Student will follow one and two-step directions.
I will encourage him to taste the substances and will try to engage him in the conversation by asking him questions
such as “Andy, do you like the way that tastes?” (i.e. he will either
shake his head yes or no, or he will use one or two-word utterances). He
will correctly identify the cups by color when I call one out (i.e. when I say “try the RED cup” he will correctly
identify the RED cup.)
If student does not want to taste the substances, I will still encourage him to participate
with the rest of the class by remaining in his seat and listening to the other students, and by continuing to identify the
correct color cup as I call them out.
Evaluation or Assessment:
Student responses, observations, and descriptions.
Participation in activity and discussion.
|Students engaged in taste activity
|Students engaged in taste activity